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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 1
First page : ( 98) Last page : ( 100)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2018.00024.8

A Descriptive Study to assess the knowledge and Attitude regarding the Blood Donation among students of LCIT College, Bhandu

Patidar Ganeshlal1, Suthar Avani2, Ravat Khushbu2

1Asst professor, Joitiba College of Nursing, Bhandu, Gujarat, India

24th year B. Sc. Nursing, Joitiba college of Nursing, Bhandu, Gujarat, India

Online published on 24 May, 2018.

Abstract

Introduction

Blood donation refers to the process of collecting, testing, preparing and storing the blood and blood components. Donors are most commonly unpaid volunteers, but they may also be paid by commercial enterprises.

Objectives

To assess knowledge regarding blood donation among college students. To assess the attitude regarding the blood donation among college student. To find the association between knowledge and attitude of LCIT students regarding blood donation with their demographic variables.

Method

Quantitative approach using simple data collection was adopted for this study in order to accomplish the objectives. This research deals with the question regarding blood donation. The primary aim of this research approach is to determine the knowledge and attitude of students regarding blood donation. Hence quantitative research approach was consider most appropriate and was adopted for the study. Data was collected using a self structured questionnaire and likert's scale analysis.

Result: Section I

Finding from section A shows that all students are of age group of 21–24 years, the majority if participated students are male (90.5), all the students are undergraduate, majority of students 56.5 percent were living in rural area, majority of students 53% are living in the joint family, most of the students are Hindus (90.5%), 37.5% students have B+ve blood groups and 74.5% students have not donated blood ever.

Section II

In the present study, the knowledge regarding blood donation was assessed by dividing the total score into good (>60%) average (40–60%) and poor (<40%). Almost half of the students (56%) had average knowledge regarding blood donation, while the students who gained good knowledge were 32 percent and students with poor knowledge score were 12 percent. The most of the students (92.5%) had positive attitude towards the blood donation while 7.5% students had turned their face away from the blood donation.

Section III

The Chi-square value and P value show that there no significance association between knowledge and demographic variables. The calculated chi-square values were less than the table value at the 0.05 level of significance.

Section IV

The Chi-square value and table value show that there no significance association between attitude and demographic variables. The calculated chi-square values were less than the table value at the 0.05 level of significance.

Conclusion

In the present study majority of students had average knowledge and most of the students had positive attitude towards blood donation.

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Keywords

Knowledge, Attitude, Blood donation, Students.

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