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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 1
First page : ( 73) Last page : ( 77)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2018.00018.2

Dietary Guidelines to Reduce the Risk of Renal Stones

Dr. Kalai R.1,*, Sasirekha B.2

1Lecturer in Nutrition, Rani Meyyammai College of Nursing, Annamalai University, Chidambaram-608002, Cuddalore District, Tamilnadu E mail

2Tutor in nursing, Rani Meyyammai College of Nursing, Annamalai University, Chidambaram-608002, Cuddalore district, Tamilnadu

*Corresponding Author E-mail: proffkalaivt@gmail.com

Online published on 24 May, 2018.


Kidney stones (urolithiasis or calculi) are found to be lodged in the urinary tract namely kidney, ureters, bladder or urethra. The production of protein metabolism leaves uric acid, phosphate and oxalates, sodium, calcium and magnesium. A urine concentrate with calcium phosphate and ammonium phosphate predisposes stone formation. The occurrence of kidney stone may be an outcome of different nutritional status, dietary habits and environmental factor such as temperature and humidity and other factors of occupation, infection of urinary tract, hereditary, vitamin A and vitamin B6 deficiency and hyperthyroidism. Dietary guidelines deals the foods included and avoided specifically based on the types of stones.



Kidney stone, urolithiasis, calculi, oxalic acid, Calcium Oxalate Stones, dietaryguidelines.


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