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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 2
First page : ( 150) Last page : ( 153)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2017.00031.X

A Quasi Experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Reflexlogy on Pain and Anxiety among Primi Postnatal Caesarean Mothers at Selected Hospital Kanyakumari District

Mrs. Sophia Arzta1, Prof. Padmavathi P.2,*, Dr. Menaka K.3

1Associate Professor, H.O.D of O.B.G. Department, Christian College of Nursing, Neyyoor

2Principal, Dhanvanthri College of Nursing, Pallakkapalyam, Namakkal District

3Principal, Padmasree College of Nursing, Kanchepurum

*Corresponding Author Email: padmasekar2009@gmail.com

Online published on 23 June, 2017.



Effectiveness of reflexology on pain and anxiety among primi post natal caesarean mothers at selected hospital Kanyakumari.


Caesarean is a surgical procedure done to save the life of the mother and the baby. Due to this mother experience pain and anxiety during the postnatal period which affects daily activities as well as comfort and well being. To relieve pain and anxiety non pharmacological methods can be used, such as reflexology.


To evaluate the effectiveness of reflexology on pain and anxiety among post natal caesarean mothers at selected hospital, kanyakumari District.


A quasi experimental pretest, post test control group design was adopted for this study. 60 primi postnatal caesarean mothers who met the inclusion criteria were selected using non probability (Purpose sampling technique) from C.S.I. hospital Neyyoor. Paired‘t’ test was used to evaluate the effectiveness of reflexology. Chi square test was used to find out the association between pretest pain and anxiety with selected demographic variables.


in the pretest out of 60 primipostnatal mothers 30 in interventional group and 30 in the control group. 27(90%) had severe pain the interventional group 28((93%) had severe pain in the control group. In the post test 2 (7%) had severe pain, (1%) had moderate pain and 27 (90%) has mild pain. The‘t’ value 9.539 was compared with tabulated value at the level of p<0.001 was significant. This showed that reflexology was effective in reducing pain among caesarean primi postnatal mothers. Regarding anxiety in the pretest 23 (76.6%) had severe anxiety, 7(23, 3%) had moderate anxiety in the interventional group. In the control group 27(90%) had severe anxiety the ‘t’ value 16.09 was compared with tabulated value at p< 0.001 was significant.


The findings of the study concluded that reflexology was effective in reducing pain and anxiety among primipostnatal caesarean mothers.



Effectiveness, Reflexology, Pain, Anxiety, Primipostnatal, Caesarean Mothers.


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