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International Journal of Medical Toxicology & Legal Medicine
Year : 1998, Volume : 1, Issue : 1
First page : ( 65) Last page : ( 71)
Print ISSN : 0972-0448.

The epidemiological study of dowry death cases with special reference to burn cases in Allahabad range (U.P.)

Sinha U.S.1Professor & Head, Kapoor A.K.2Head, Agnihotri A.K.1Resident III Year, Srivastava P.C.1Resident II Year

1Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, M.L.N. Medical College, Allahabad, U.P.

2Department of Pharmacology, M.L.N. Medical College, Allahabad, U.P.


This epidemiological study analysed involvement of various parameters and subsequent measures for curtailment of incidence of dowry death cases. A total of 151 alleged dowry death cases were recorded during one year period (April 16, 1997 to April 15, 1998) in Allahabad range, which includes district of Allahabad, Fatehpur and Pratapgarh. Allahabad topped the list with 77 cases. Mostly young, Hindu, married, non-graduates of middle class families were the chief targets. In medicolegal requisition slip the death was mostly attributed to accidental in nature. The most vulnerable age group was 23–30 year, comprising 53.64% of the all recorded alleged dowry deaths. The most common cause of death was burn injuries followed by poisoning (especially aluminium phosphide). The ratio between homicidal and suicidal deaths was approx. 3.6: 1. Both in suicidal and homicidal deaths either the husband or in-laws were primarily responsible for killing or forcing the victims to end her life. The important contributing factors responsible for a rising trend in dowry death cases include level of education in women, joint family structure, type of marriage, unemployment of husband, dependence of women on husband and/or in-laws, socio-economic factor, infidelity etc. Enactment of tougher laws for the offenders, improvement in educational cum employment position and overall socio-economic status of women are some salient measures to check this social evil.


Key words

Dowry death, Bride burning, Burns, Unnatural women deaths.


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