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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences
Year : 2019, Volume : 8, Issue : 5
First page : ( 59) Last page : ( 74)
Online ISSN : 2319-5886.

Effect of apple cider vinegar on glycemic control, hyperlipidemia and control on body weight in type 2 diabetes patients

Kausar Sofia1,*, Humayun Ayesha2, Ahmed Zaheer3, Abbas Muhammad Arshad4, Tahir Aroosha3

1Department of Liver Transplant Unit, Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore, Shaikh Zayed Medical Complex, Lahore, Pakistan

2Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan Medical College and Shaikh Zayed Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan

3Department of Environmental Design, Health and Nutritional Sciences, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan

4Department of General Surgery, Shahida Islam Medical and Dental College, Lodhran, Pakistan

*Corresponding e-mail: sofia.kausar@yahoo.com

Online published on 1 October, 2020.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a world-widely public health issue associated with premature mortality, decreased quality of life and increased health-care expenditures. The aim of the review was to elevate the effect of apple cider vinegar on glycemic control, hyperlipidemia and obesity control in type 2 diabetes patients. Many clinical trials showed the hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and anti-obesity effect of vinegar. Proposed mechanisms action of vinegar for the hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic effect are including slow gastric emptying, it promotes uptake of skeleton muscles glucose in the body and acetic acid may inhibit disaccharides activity in the small intestine blocking the complete digestion of starch molecules, suppression of hepatic glucose production and increased glucose utilization. Results of previous studies showed that apple cider vinegar has the potential of anti-diabetic, antihyperlipidemic and antiobesity effects in diabetes mellitus patients.

Objective of Review

The objective of the current review study was to investigate the effect of apple cider vinegar on glycemic control, hyperlipidemia and control on body weight in type 2 diabetes patients and other therapeutic and commercial effect of apple cider vinegar.

Data Sources

To collect data for relevant literature PubMed, Google Scholar, science direct and Cochrane sources were used.

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Keywords

Hyperlipidemia, Hyperglycemia, Vinegar, Obesity, Diabetes, Nutraceutical.

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