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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences
Year : 2018, Volume : 7, Issue : 1
First page : ( 135) Last page : ( 143)
Online ISSN : 2319-5886.

The Evaluation of Anxiety Levels and Determinant Factors in Preoperative Patients

Cevik Banu*

Specialist, MD, Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Education and Research Hospital, Kartal, Istanbul, Turkey

*Corresponding e-mail: banueler@yahoo.com

Online published on 19 November, 2018.

Abstract

Objective

Preoperative anxiety is a prevalent concern with negative effects on perioperative period but is usually ignored. The objectives of this study are to identify the preoperative anxiety levels of surgical patients and to evaluate the associated factors affecting this level.

Methods

One hundred volunteer patients scheduled for elective surgery were included the study. Data were collected by using “Personal Information Form “and “State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-I”. Evaluations were based on a significance level of p<0.05.

Results

The percentage of female to male patients was 48% and 52%. The mean anxiety levels of both gender were 42.46 ± 8.95 and 42.10 ± 9.49 respectively (p=0.85). There was no difference between females and males in terms of anxiety. Age, occupational condition, marital status, and education level was not found as determinant factors on preoperative anxiety levels. Male individuals of large families were more anxious than the others, but this difference was not significant (p=0.11). Previous surgical experience was not a predictive factor for preoperative anxiety. The anxiety level was significantly high in men using cigarette and alcohol (p<0.01). Fear, apprehension, and stress was highly related with high level of anxiety, but insecurity and inexperience were not a predicting factor. The anxiety levels of cool patients were significantly lower than the others (p<0.01).

Conclusions

Preoperative anxiety is a multifactorial issue and must be good handled. The aim must be based on reduction strategies. It must be considered that preoperative information is the best way to decrease preoperative anxiety.

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Keywords

Anxiety, State trait anxiety inventory, Surgery.

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