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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences
Year : 2013, Volume : 2, Issue : 4
First page : ( 935) Last page : ( 940)
Online ISSN : 2319-5886.
Article DOI : 10.5958/j.2319-5886.2.4.150

Prevalence and pattern of abnormalities occurring in placenta and Umbilical cord

Reddy V. Manikanta1,*, Kumar S. Senthil1, Reddy N. Sanjeeva2

1Department of Anatomy, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

2Department of Reproductive Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding author email: manikantareddy.v@gmail.com

Online published on 21 October, 2013.


A hospital based cross sectional study has been conducted in 975 cases to evaluate the prevalence and pattern of Placental and Umbilical cord abnormalities. All the Placentas with Umbilical cords were examined for different abnormalities immediately after delivery. Out of 975 specimens, a total of 262 (26.87%) were identified to have various types of abnormalities. Of which, 232 (23.79%) specimens showed single abnormalities and the remaining 30 (3.07%) specimens were with multiple abnormalities (more than one abnormalities in each specimen). Prevalence of most of the abnormalities in the present study is in co ordinance with previous studies and all the abnormalities are distributed among the specimens in two different forms i.e. specimens with any single abnormally and specimens with multiple abnormalities.



Placental abnormalities, Umbilical Cord abnormalities, IUGR, Circumvallate, Velamentous, Battledore Placenta.


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