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Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Care
Year : 2015, Volume : 2, Issue : 2
First page : ( 103) Last page : ( 109)
Print ISSN : 2394-2363. Online ISSN : 2394-2800.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2394-2800.2015.00019.X

Exploring the Etiology of Noncarious Cervical Lesions: A Case Control Study

Sharma Ritu1,,*, Jagadeesh HG2, Bathi Renuka J3, Choudhary Ekta4, Velugu Ratna G4, Swami Anuja1

1Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University

2Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida-201306, Uttar Pradesh, India

3Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida-201306, Uttar Pradesh, India

4Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida-201306, Uttar Pradesh, India

*Corresponding author email id: drriturs@gmail.com

Online published on 20 November, 2015.

Abstract

This case control investigation studied, the causal association of potential risk factors for noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs), in patients reporting to the OPD of a dental Institute, in India. Total 52 patients, 26 with noncarious cervical lesions (7 females, 19 males, mean age 39.27±12.88 years) and 26 without noncarious cervical lesions in dentine (9 females, 17 males, mean age 34.96±10.27 years), were selected. All patients underwent a clinical and questionnaire assessment for the presence of potential risk factors for noncarious cervical lesions. Data were statistically analysed with SPSS version 17.2 software, using Chi-square test/Fisher exact test, t-test, Mann-Whitney test and multiple logistic regression analysis. Comparatively cases had a significant presence of good oral hygiene, bilateral group function, headaches, and prolonged usage of drugs for systemic illness. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association of NCCLs with good oral hygiene and prolonged usage of drugs for systemic illness. Daily/weekly consumption of spicy dietary additives (chillies/pickles) exhibited marginally significant association with NCCLs. With no reported data on NCCLs causation in the Indian subcontinent, the present study reports that, apart from factors like better oral hygiene, daily/weekly consumption of spicy dietary additives; factors less researched like prolonged intake of drugs for systemic illness, monthly/yearly headaches; and factors considered doubtful, like lack of canine guidance: were significantly present in patients with noncarious cervical lesions.

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Keywords

Noncarious cervical lesion, Erosion, Abrasion, Abfraction, Biocorrosion, Tooth wear, Case- control study.

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