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Indian Journal of Horticulture
Year : 2018, Volume : 75, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 7)
Print ISSN : 0972-8538. Online ISSN : 0974-0112.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-0112.2018.00001.4

Genetic variability and correlation studies for vegetative, reproductive and yield attributing traits in papaya

Singh Preeti, Prakash Jai*, Goswami A.K., Singh Kanhaiya, Hussain Zakir1, Singh A.K.2

Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110 012

1Division of Vegetable Science, ICAR-IARI

2DGR, ICAR-NBPGR

*Corresponding author's E-mail: singhjai2001@rediffmail.com

Online published on 19 April, 2018.

Abstract

An experiment was carried out with 5 parent and 3 hybrid papaya genotypes to study the genetic variabilityand correlation between different yield attributing traits by evaluating 16 vegetative, reproductive, and fruit yieldcontributing traits during 2016–2017. The findings indicate that the maximum fruiting zone (129.8 cm) was in PS3 followed by PS 3 × P-7-9 (128 cm). The hybrid PS 3 × P-7-9 had maximum number of fruits per plant (44.67), minimum fruit weight (1020g) and maximum yield per plant (46.33 kg/plant) among the three hybrids evaluated. The phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) is higher than the genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) for allthe traits studied. The genotypic variance and phenotypic variance were high for traits like leaf width, stemdiameter and fruit weight. Traits such as leaf length, petiole length, number of fruits per plant, fruit diameterand fruit yield exhibited higher value of GCV and PCV. Heritability for traits ranged from 53.83 to 99.49, of whichmajority of traits showed very high heritability, except some traits such as inflorescence size and fruit lengthwhich showed moderate heritability. Genetic advance (GA) was recorded highest for fruit length (179.13). Traitslike fruit yield, petiole length and leaf length exhibited high heritability accompanied by high to moderate geneticadvance indicating additive gene action, which suggest that selection may be effective for these traits. The trait, fruit yield was positively associated with plant height at flower initiation and maturity stage, stem diameter, daysto flowering, fruiting zone, number of fruits per plant and fruit diameter.

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Keywords

Carica papaya, variability, interelationship genetic advance, heritability.

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