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Indian Journal of Horticulture
Year : 2005, Volume : 62, Issue : 4
First page : ( 319) Last page : ( 323)
Print ISSN : 0972-8538.

Genetic improvement of Musa sp. through clonal selection : NRCB Sel. 001 a better substitute for Indian Pisang Awaks (ABB)

Uma S.*, Sathiamoorthy S., Selvarajan R., Saraswathi M.S., Durai P.

National Research Centre for Banana, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu

*Corresponding author’s E-mail: umabinit@yahoo.co.in

Received:  August,  2004; Revised:  February,  2005; Accepted:  July,  2005.

Abstract

Performance of NRCB Sel. 001 was compared with cvs. Karpuravalli of Tamil Nadu, Kanthali of Bihar, Boodida Bokkisa of Andhra Pradesh and Boodi Bale of Karnataka. It was concluded that NRCB Sel. 001 excelled for all the important parameters contributing to yield, 1), pseudostem girth (96.8cm), which makes it as an ideal cultivar for wind prone areas, 2), leaf area (13.852 sq. cm), contributing for the higher yield, 3), higher bunch weight (35.0 kg), more number of hands per bunch (18.4) and more number of fingers per hand (17.3), which have been reflected in the higher yields, 4) well spaced hands defining a cylindrical shape, which facilitates packing, loading and transport with minimal damage. NRCB Sel. 001 also exhibited better fruit quality. The best sugar-acid blend and yellow-life enhanced its preference by the consumers and Kanthali ranked second in terms of performance and yield. These results suggest that NRCB Sel. 001 can very well be also a substitute for local Pisang Awak clones like Boodida Bukkisa, Boodi Bale, local Karpuravalli and Kanthali and most suited for wind prone areas.

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Key words

Clonal selection, genetic improvement, NRCB Sel.001, Pisang Awak (ABB).

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