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The Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding
Year : 1998, Volume : 58, Issue : 4
First page : ( 465) Last page : ( 474)
Print ISSN : 0019-5200.

Induced mutations in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) II. frequency and spectrum of chlorophyll mutations

Kharkwal M. C.

Division of Genetics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012.

Received:  29  December,  1997; Accepted:  30  November,  1998.

Abstract

A comparative study of frequency and spectrum of chlorophyll mutations induced by two physical (gamma rays, fast neutrons) and two chemical mutagens (NMU, EMS) in relation to the effects in M1 plants and induction of mutations in M2 was made in four chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties, two desi (G 130 & H 214) one Kabuli (C104) and one green seeded (L 345). The treatments included three doses each of gamma rays (400, 500 & 600 Gy) and fast neutrons (5, 10 & 15 Gy) and two concentrations with two different durations of two chemical mutagens, NMU [0.01% (20h), & 0.02% (8h) and EMS [0.1% (20h) & 0.2% (8h). The frequencies and spectrum of three different kinds of induced chlorophyll mutations in the order albina (43.5%), chlorina (27.3%) and xantha (24.2%) were recorded. Chemical mutagens were found to be efficient in inducing chlorophyll mutations in chickpea. Highest frequency of mutations was observed in green seeded var. L 345 (83% of M1 families and 19.9/1000 M2 plants). Kabuli var. C 104 was least responsive for chlorophyll mutations.

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Keywords

Chickpea, Cicer arietinum, chlorophyll mutations, frequency & spectrum, mutagens, chlorina, albina, xantha.

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