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International Journal of Economic Plants
Year : 2014, Volume : 1, Issue : 1
First page : ( 36) Last page : ( 41)
Print ISSN : 2349-4727. Online ISSN : 2349-4735.

Karonda (Carissa spp.): An Underutilized Minor Fruit Crop with Therapeutic and Medicinal Use

Panda Debasish1,*, Panda Satyajit2, Pramanik Kalipada1, Mondal Sananda1

1Dept. of ASEPAN, Institute of Agriculture, Visva-Bharati, Sriniketan, W.B. (731 236), India

2V.C.S.G. Government Institute of Medical Science and Research, Srinagar, Pauri Garhwal, Uttaranchal (246 174), India

*Correspondence to E-mail: debasishpanda007@gmail.com

Online published on 2 December, 2014.

Abstract

Karonda (Carissa spp.), a minor fruit crop is a source of ayurvedic and unani medicine and widely used in India as a medicinal plants by tribals. Different parts of this plant contain various chemical constitutents i.e. carissol, carissic acid, ascorbic acid, lupeol, β-sitosterol, glucose, galactose, serine, glutamine, alinine, valine, phenylalanine and glycine etc. This plant is commonly utilized for remedy of several diseases like biliousness, anemia and also used as aphrodisiac for women, antiparasitic, antifungal, antimicrobial, topical wound treatment (juice) and skin remedy. This paper reviews the literature supporting evidence for the medicinal and therapeutic uses of fruit, leaves, root and shoot of karonda along with its ethno-botanical relevance.

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Keywords

Carissa spp, ethno-botany, karonda, medicinal, pharmacological, therapeutic.

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