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Indian Journal of Extension Education
Year : 2013, Volume : 49, Issue : 1and2
First page : ( 57) Last page : ( 59)
Print ISSN : 0537-1996.

Comparison of Educational and Occupational Aspirations of Rural Youth from Farming Families of Kerala and Rajasthan

Hari R.1, Chander Mahesh2, Sharma N. K.

1Ph.D. Scholar, Division of Extension Education, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, (U.P.)

2Principal Scientist and Head, Division of Extension Education, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, (U.P.)


Aspirations act as key motivator in success of any individual. Lower aspirations are often ascribed as one of the reasons for lower achievement of any individual including the rural youth. Two hundred youth respondents from farming families of Kerala and Rajasthan were interviewed to analyze their educational and occupational aspirations and the effect of sociocultural and economic factors on aspirations. The results revealed that only a small fraction of youth were interested in agriculture and allied industries in both of these states. The study found that socio--cultural factors influenced the educational and occupational aspirations of the respondents. A significant variation between the aspirations of respondents of both states was observed in the study. Certain social factors viz teachers, relatives & neighbours, media and social acceptance had more influence on respondents in one state than other, indicating the importance of socio-cultural factors prevailing in the society. The study has also highlighted that aspiration is one of the important element influencing the youth educational and occupational preference and hence, should be analyzed in harmony with other elements to enable more rational and scientific policies in this context.



Aspirations, educational, occupational, rural youth, farming, Kerala, Rajasthan.


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