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Indian Journal of Entomology
Year : 2020, Volume : 82, Issue : 3
First page : ( 412) Last page : ( 414)
Print ISSN : 0367-8288. Online ISSN : 0974-8172.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-8172.2020.00091.7

Biology of eggplant fruit and shoot borer Leucinodes orbonalis guenee from Malaysia: A review

Rostaee Abdulbaqi*

Entomology Department Agriculture Faculty, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

*Email: abrostaee@gmail.com

Online published on 24 September, 2020.

Abstract

Eggplant Solanum melongena L. (Solanaceae), well known as brinjal is an important vegetable. Like other vegetables, it is also subject to attack by various insect pests. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer is the most destructive at both vegetative and reproductive stages in South and Southeast Asia. It causes significant reduction in yield up to 80%, and leads to problems for the farmers. This review is on the biology of the shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera). Since this pest causes economic damages in Malaysia, this article describes all stages of the life cycle, incubation and larval period, larval instars, pupal period, adult longevity, fecundity, and total developmental period.

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Keywords

Solanum melongena, Fruit and shoot borer, Biology, Malaysia, Life cycle stages, Duration, Longevity, Fecundity, Developmental period, Host range, Distribution.

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