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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research
Year : 2023, Volume : 57, Issue : 2
First page : ( 131) Last page : ( 142)
Print ISSN : 0367-8245. Online ISSN : 0976-058X.
Article DOI : 10.18805/IJARe.A-5788

Towards quest for early maturing mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) wilczek] lines with improved nutritional quality and high yield

Sarkar Moushree1,*, Datta Sambit2, Kundagrami Sabyasachi1

1Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Institute of Agricultural Science, University of Calcutta, Kolkata-700 019, West Bengal, India

2Division of Plant Biology, Bose Institute, Kolkata-700 054, West Bengal, India

*Corresponding Author: Moushree Sarkar, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Institute of Agricultural Science, University of Calcutta, 51/2, Hazra Road, Kolkata-700 019, West Bengal, India, Email: moushreesarkar88@gmail.com

Online published on 9 May, 2023.

Abstract

Background

Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek], a rich source of protein, carbohydrate and different micronutrients, can play an important role in food security programmes. Enhancement of nutritional qualities via biofortification of existing varieties is a promising area of research.

Methods

In the current study, sixty one mungbean were taken to study different biochemical parameters and also to establish an inter-relationship of each parameter with yield and maturity.

Result

Results show that, nine lines, which included two germplasms namely, B1 and Pusa-9632 along with four mutants as well as three hybirds were found to have higher nutritional quality especially carbohydrate and protein content. Moreover, the mutants and segregants showed a higher nutritional value (% increase) than the germplasms. In addition, correlation coefficient study ensured an interrelationship between agronomic and biochemical characters by reporting that the total starch and nitrogen content of mungbean seeds can serve as an excellent selection marker for improving seed yield.

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Keywords

Biochemical characterization, Germplasms, Hybirds lines, Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek], Mutant lines, Segregating lines.

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