Effectiveness of deep breathing exercise on Nausea, vomiting among primigravida antenatal with hyperemesis gravidum admitted at antenatal ward of Pravara rural Hospital, Loni (Bk)
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Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms during early pregnancy Hyperemesis gravidum represents a severe in tractable nausea and vomiting before the 20th week of gestation. Nausea and vomiting are commonly experienced by women in pregnancy (NVP). Symptoms are usually limited to the first trimester, but can persist until birth. Both mild and more severe symptoms can have negative effects for the mother, her unborn child, and the family. Deep breathing exercise and progressive relaxation therapy are more popular. Deep breathing exercise is also found to reduce the nausea and vomiting. This awareness made the researcher to provide the breathing techniques such as deep breathing exercise during the first trimester of pregnancy. Vomiting affects more than 50% of women in early pregnancy and nausea is present in 70-80%. Many times, it is unreported because it is considered to be the normal part of pregnancy.
To assess effectiveness of deep breathing exercise on nausea and vomiting among primi gravida with hyperemesis gravidum Antenatal mother in comparison with Experimental and control group.
Material and Method
A Quasi experimental research study undertaken Antenatal Wards of Pravara Rural Hospital Loni BK. A total of 60 primigravida hyperemesis gravidum Antenatal mother were selected with the help of. Non randomized purposive sampling technique was used to assess effectiveness of Deep breathing exercise to reduced nausea and vomiting among primi hyperemesis gravidum mother. Modified Rhodes Index Scale was used for assess the nausea and vomiting structured observational checklist was used to assess nausea and vomiting. the study comprises total 60 primigravida mother. they were grouped as study group and control group through Non randomized purposive sampling technique. . One group received Deep breathing exercise other are resting. the researcher then observed the group to determine the effect of Deep breathing exercise.
The collect data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistic. The results revealed that a significant percentage of the present study group show that Primi gravida hyperemesis antenatal mother had lower mean score (19.33 ± 3.688) which is 64.43% of total score indicate moderate level of nausea and vomiting whereas in control group the mean score was 23.46 ± 2.62) which is 78.2% of total score indicates the severe level of nausea and vomiting. The paired ‘t’ test was calculated and the value is 5.14 which is higher than the table value, indicate the statically significant difference. Finding revealed that there was significant association found between Nausea and vomiting and Demographic variables like Age, Type of diet and Mothers weight at 0.05level as there was significant association between the variable the stated null hypothesis H02 is rejected and H2 is accepted.
Therefore, it was concluded from the statistical tests that practicing selected Patterned deep breathing technique was effective in reduction of nausea and vomiting among primigravida hyperemesis gravidum Antenatal mother. Analysis of data showed that there was significant difference between pretest and posttest nausea and vomiting scores of nauseas and vomiting in experimental group after practicing Patterned deep breathing technique and without practicing Patterned of deep breathing technique control group.
Effectiveness, Deep breathing exercise, Nausea, Vomiting, Primi gravida mother.