Effectiveness of Planned Health Teaching on Knowledge and self reported practices of Menstrual Hygiene among visually impaired Adolescent girls in selected blind Schools of Pune city
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According to WHO, almost 5% of the global population i.e.1.5 million are younger than 15 years, who are visually impaired. The visually impaired girls need assistance in their day to day activities of living. Menstrual hygiene practices are a turning point among visually impaired adolescent girls. They need assistance in identification, placing menses material, washing menses clothing and disposal of used menstrual material.
The study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of planned health teaching on knowledge and self-reported practices of visually impaired adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene and to correlate the findings with selected demographic variables.
One group pre and post test design and non probability convenient sampling technique was used. The study was conducted in selected blind schools. Sample size was 30 visually impaired adolescent girls. Semi structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene and check list for self-reported practices.
In pre test, 3.33% had good knowledge, 93.34% visually impaired adolescent girls had average knowledge and 3.33% had poor knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene,. In post test, all visually impaired adolescent girls were (100%) having good knowledge. The majority 29 (96.67%) of the visually impaired adolescent girls indicated good self-reported practices whereas 1(3.33%) was having average self reported practices regarding menstrual hygiene. There was highly significant difference seen in self-reported practices according to mother's education as the p value was <0.05.
There was significant difference seen in pre and post test knowledge score regarding menstrual hygiene, which clearly indicated that the planned health teaching was effective in improving the knowledge among visually impaired adolescent girls.
Knowledge, self reported practices, health teaching, menstrual hygiene and visually impaired adolescent girls.