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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : ( 89) Last page : ( 90)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2019.00022.2

A Study to assess the effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching on knowledge regarding prevention of Stroke among Hypertensive Patients in selected Hospitals of Mehsana

Patidar Kaushal1, Kalal Shalini2,*

1Asso. Professor, Joitiba College of Nursing, Bhandu, Dist: Mehsana

2Second Year M. Sc. Nursing Student, Joitiba College of Nursing, Bhandu, Dist: Mehsana

*Corresponding Author E-mail: shalinikalal16@gmail.com

Online published on 22 May, 2019.

Abstract

Background

Meeting the need for knowledge relating to the nature of stroke and risk factors for stroke is still a substantial challenge in the world. Gujarat has the highest burden of hypertension with 159, 150 cases reported as on March 2015 out of a total number of 715, 382, working out to about 22 percent1 and hypertension was the most common risk with affection of middle cerebral artery territory2.

Objective

1. To assess the level of knowledge regarding prevention of stroke among hypertensive patients. 2. To assess the effectiveness of video assisted teaching on knowledge regarding prevention of stroke among hypertensive patients.3. To find out the association of the knowledge with their selected demographic variables.

Design

A quantitative approach using pre experimental pre-test post-test design with one group.

Participants

60 hypertensive patients were selected using Non-Probability Convenient sampling technique in Mehsana.

Interventions

Video assisted teaching was given to the hypertensive patient.

Tool

Self Structured Questionnaire was used to assess the level of knowledge of hypertensive patient regarding prevention of stroke.

Results

In this study overall the highest percentage in the demographic data including the Age group 60% (54-65y), Gender 63.33% (female), Occupation 40% (private-employee), Religion 90% (Hindu), Dietary practice 71.66% (vegetarian), History of alcoholism 86.99% (no), History of smoking 80% (no), Duration of illness 40% (1-5y), Number of hospital visit 58.33% (1–10 w). The post-test knowledge mean score (18.51±1.9) was higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score (12.33±1.95). The calculated ‘t’ value (24.56) was greater than the table value (2.00) at 0.05 level of significance. The Video assisted teaching was effective in increasing the knowledge of hypertensive patient regarding prevention of stroke.

Conclusion

The findings of the study revealed that Video assisted teaching helps in improving knowledge regarding prevention of stroke among hypertensive patient.

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Keywords

Assess, Effectiveness, Video assisted teaching, Knowledge, Hypertension, Hypertensive patient, stroke.

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