Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Attitude regarding Organ Donation and Transplantation among Adolescents in Selected Junior Colleges of Guntur (Dt), AP
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Hundreds of people die due to organ failure every year simply because of lack of organ donors. Adolescents are key actors in the organ donation process. Therefore the objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation and transplantation among adolescents before and after administering STP to determine its effectiveness.
Materials and Methods
A Quasi experimental study, non equivalent pre and post-test control group research design was adopted for the study. The study was conducted among adolescents at selected junior colleges, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh. Hundred subjects were selected by using purposive sampling technique who were grouped into experimental group (n=50) and control group (n=50). The level of knowledge was assessed by using semi structured questionnaire and attitude was assessed by modified 5 point likert's scale. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.
The findings of the study had revealed that the majority of samples were in the age group of 17 years (58%) in experimental group and (42%) were in control group and (76%) of the respondents were belongs to nuclear family in both experimental and control groups. Almost (86%) of participants had heard about organ donation. The pre-test mean knowledge score was 22.82±6.33 of experimental group and 21.7±6.46 of control group whereas post-test mean knowledge score was 33.74±3.84 of experimental group and 22.52±6.36 of control group. The pre-test mean attitude score was 63.20±5.88 in experimental group and 67.76±7.84 in control group whereas post-test mean attitude score was 81.80±5.90 for experimental group and 69.52±7.37 for control group. A positive correlation exited between the post-test knowledge and attitude (r=0.35, p>0.05) in experimental group. The study had found that there was no significant association between knowledge and attitudes with selected variables.
It was apparent from the study that the respondents were reluctant to donate organs due to myths and religious beliefs. One of the best ways is to educate adolescents. Hence it was concluded that STP had a positive impact and was effective in improving the knowledge and attitudes of the subjects regarding organ donation.
Organ Donation, Transplantation, Adolescents, Knowledge, Attitude, Structured Teaching Programme.