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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 1
First page : ( 9) Last page : ( 12)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2019.00003.9

Effectiveness of Programmed Teaching on Levels of Knowledge and Expressed Practices regarding First Aid Management among Primary School Teachers

Ms. Sumithra M*, Ms. Dhanalakshmi N.

Sri Narayani College of Nursing, Thirumalai Kodi, Vellore-55, Tamilnadu

*Corresponding Author E-mail: dhanalh73@gmail.com

Online published on 16 March, 2019.



“Children are the wealth of tomorrow. Take care of them if your wish to have a strong India, ever ready to meet various challenges” said Jawaharlal Nehru. Knowledge of first aid, which constitutes life-saving treatment for injuries or unexpected illness is important for every individual especially children. Hence the knowledge of first aid among school teachers is essential for undertaking measures to prevent them.

Materials and Methods

This study adopted a quantitative approach and the research design was pre experimental one group pre and Post-test design. Non probability convenient sampling technique was used to select 30 primary school teachers. Data collected using self-administered questionnaire to assess the levels of knowledge and expressed practices. It contains a total of 40 questions under various domains.


The findings of the study showed that regarding the effectiveness of programmed teaching the pre-test level of knowledge mean score 18.9±2.99 and the post-test level of knowledge mean score was 25.3 ± 3.15 the mean difference of pre and posttest knowledge was 6.4 the calculated paired ‘t’ test value was significant at p<0.05 level. The pre-test of expressed practices mean score was 5.5 ± 0.67 and the post-test mean score was 7.2 ± 0.65 the mean difference of pre and post-test was 1.7 The calculated paired ‘t’ value 15.6 higher than the table value 2, which is significant at p<0.05 level. The level of knowledge statistical outcome of ‘chi’-square analysis, was to find out the association between the post-test levels of knowledge and selected demographic variables. It reveals that, residence, sex, teaching experience, are statistically significant at p<0.05 level. The ‘chi’-square analysis to find out the association between post-test levels of expressed practices and selected demographic variables, reveals that sex, residence, teaching experience, are statistically significantat p<0.05 levels.


The finding of the study concluded that there was significant increase in the level of knowledge and good expressed practice of primary school teachers. After programmed teaching using video on first aid management among primary school teachers, the level of knowledge increased and expressed practices improved which shows the effectiveness of programmed teaching.



Effectiveness, Programmed teaching, Knowledge, Expressed practice, First aid, Management, Primary School Teachers.


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