A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Attitude regarding Breast Feeding among Postnatal Mothers of Infants residing in selected Rural Area of Patiala, Punjab
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The main aim of the study is to the impart knowledge and positive attitude regarding breast feeding among postnatal mothers of infants residing in selected rural area of Patiala, Punjab.
Backgrownd of the Study
Globally about 38% of babies are just breastfeed during their first six months of life. In the United States (2012), 75% of women started breastfeeding, 43% breastfeed for six months though only 13% exclusively breastfed, and 23% breastfeed for twelve months.
One group Pretest-Posttest (Preexperimental) design was used in this study.
A Quantitative approach with Preexperimental research design was used for this study. The sample consisted of 50 postnatal mothers of infants who were residing in selected rural area of Patiala, Punjab. The sample was chosen by using simple random sampling technique. The data was collected by using self-structured interview schedule and rating scale.
The mean percentage difference between the pretest and posttest levels of knowledge was 34.56, the mean and standard deviation was 12.44±1.77. The mean percentage difference between the pretest and posttest levels of attitude was 19.95, the mean and standard deviation was 8.98±5.01. Hence the structured teaching programme was effective in enhancing the knowledge and attitude of postnatal mothers of infants regarding breast feeding.
It is concluded that more than half number of postnatal mothers of infants had good knowledge and one-third of postnatal mother had average knowledge regarding Breast feeding. All the postnatal mothers had favorable attitude towards breast feeding.
A study can be carried out to evaluate the efficiency of various teaching strategies like self-instructional module, pamphlets, leaflets, and computer assisted instruction on Breast feeding practices.
Knowledge, Attitude, Breast feeding, postnatal mothers.