To Assess Prevalence of Malnutrition and its Contributory factors among Children aged 1–5 Years in selected rural area of District Sangrur, Punjab.
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Background of the study
Malnutrition continues to be a major public health problem in developing countries. It is the most important risk factor for the burden of diseases. In India, child malnutrition rate is one of the most serious public health problem and the highest in the world. High malnutrition rates in the country pose a significant obstacle to achieve better child health outcomes.
To assess prevalence of malnutrition and its contributory factors among children aged 1–5 years in selected rural area of District Sangrur, Punjab.
A community based exploratory study was conducted on 30 children aged 1–5 years. Convenience sampling technique was used to select children. Anthropometric measurements are taken to assess the nutritional status and checklist is used to identify factors contributing to malnutrition.
The analysis of the study revealed that 28% children were malnourished. 26.7% children were under-nourished and only 1.3% were over-nourished. 44.1%. 33.3% and 23.3% of malnourished children were stunted, underweight and wasted respectively. The most occurring contributing factor of malnutrition present in 20 (66.6%) children was inadequate dietary intake followed by children whose mother's preceding birth interval was less than 24 months present in 5 (16.6%) children and mother is underweight was present in 5 (16.6%). Birth order, under five siblings and education of mother had significant association with malnutrition among children.
Conclusion and recommendation
From the findings of this study, it is concluded that malnutrition is still an important problem among children aged 1-years. Birth order, under five siblings and education of mother had significant association with malnutrition among children.
Malnutrition, Contributory Factors.