A study to assess the knowledge of healthy and harmful practices of antenatal care among antenatal women in the rural areas of Dehradun
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Antenatal care (ANC) is the care of a women throughout her pregnancy. The World Health Organization recommends a minimum of four antenatal visits comprising interventions such as Tetanus toxoid, vaccination, screening and treatment of infections and identification of warning signs during pregnancy. The reasons for high maternal mortality ratio in India are inadequate access to and underutilization of health services. A study to assess the knowledge of Healthy and Harmful practices of Antenatal care among antenatal women in the rural areas of Dehradun The objectives of the study were: 1. To assess and find the association between knowledge of healthy and harmful practices of antenatal care among women. 2. To find out the association between knowledge score and their demographic variables. The major finding of the study are summarised as highest percentage of women 50% in the age group of 21–25 years, highest percentage of women 63% of Hindu religion, highest percentage of 33% of education among women was primary, highest percentage 53% of women were housewives, highest percentage 50% were having monthly income of Rs5, 000-Rs10, 000, highest percentage 60% of women were having nuclear families, highest percentage 70% of women were primary gravida, highest percentage 53% of women were non-vegetarian and highest percentage 43% of women get knowledge from radio and TV. Table(2), Depicts that the majority 15(50%) of antenatal women had inadequate knowledge on healthy and harmful practices, 14(46.66%)had moderate knowledge and 01(3.33%) had adequate knowledge regarding healthy and harmful practices of antenatal women. Table (3), reveals that 6(20%) information is got from family 13(10%) is by friends, 13(43.33%) is by radio/TV and 8 (26.66%) knowledge source is health workers and the collected data is significant. On conclusion there is association between level of knowledge with demographic variable (Source of information) and there is no association between level of knowledge and all other demographic variables (Age, Religion, Education, Occupation, Income, Family, Pregnancy and Type of food).
Antenatal care, Primary gravida, Vaccination.