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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2016, Volume : 4, Issue : 4
First page : ( 355) Last page : ( 360)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2016.00079.2

A Quasi experimental study to assess the effectiveness of music therapy on stress and blood pressure among antenatal mothers with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension at selected hospitals of Punjab

Sharma Meenakshi1, Vibha2,*, Asha3,*

1M. Sc. (Nursing), State Institute of Nursing and Paramedical Sciences, Badal, Sri Muktsar Sahib, Punjab

2Associate Professor, H.O.D. of OBG Department, SINPMS, Badal, Sri Muktsar Sahib, Punjab

3Assistant Professor, Department of OBG, SINPMS, Badal, Sri Muktsar Sahib, Punjab

*Corresponding Author's Email: batra12345batra@yahoo.co.in, asha.kapoor1981@gmail.com

Online published on 12 January, 2017.


Pregnancy is long and special journey for a woman but it places the health of the mother at risk. Pre-eclampsia is very serious and second leading cause of maternal morbidity. Stress can cause hypertension through repeated blood pressure elevations as well as by stimulation of the nervous system to produce large amount of vasoconstricting hormones. Among different complementary therapies, music therapy is found to be very effective in the recent years. In this study, A Quantitative Quasi Experimental Research Design and Approach was used. Sample was collected by using non-probability purposive sampling technique with sample size of 50. Study was conducted in Guru Gobind Singh Medical college and Hospital, Faridkot and Guru Nanak Dev Hospital, Amritsar. Music therapy was provided to experimental group for 20 minutes in morning and evening for 2 consecutive days to the antenatal mother with PIH. Structured interview has been used to assess the stress by Modified perceived stress scale. Sphygmomanometer and stethoscope used to measure the blood pressure. In experimental group, values of mean and SD during pre-interventional assessment are 6.04±2.05 and during postinterventional assessment are 3.8±1.38 respectively. In Control group, values of mean±SD during preinterventional assessment are 5.4 and 1.8 and during post-interventional assessment are 5.12±1.81 respectively. In a paired t-test, the experimental group showed significant decrease in level of stress and blood pressure at 0.05 level of significance after two days. According to value of chi square, blood pressure is significantly associated with demographic variable Education and Occupation at 0.05 level of significance.



Music therapy, Antenatal mothers with PIH, stress and blood pressure.


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