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Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry
Year : 2019, Volume : 32, Issue : 2
First page : ( 132) Last page : ( 142)
Print ISSN : 0970-6399. Online ISSN : 0974-4479.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-4479.2019.00018.2

Nutraceutical Importance of Vegetables and Their Use for Human Health: AReview

Dhruv JJ*, Patel NJ, Parmar Shraddha

Department of Biochemistry, BA College of Agriculture, AAU, Anand-388 110, Gujarat, India

*Author for correspondence: Email: jitendra_dhruve@yahoo.com

Online published on 22 January, 2020.

Abstract

There are hundreds of common vegetables eaten in different parts of the world. Vegetables are rich source of carbohydrates, fibre, proteins, phenolics, flavonoids, vitamins and minerals, hence known as protective foods. Consumption of vegetables has been associated with protection against certain types of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, as well as age related diseases. All vegetables contain indigestible cellulose fibre. People who eat a diet rich in vegetables fibre have a lower mortality from isothermal heart diseases. In developing countries it is possible to improve the nutritional status of populations at risk of malnutrition and protect their various types of diseases or a small increase in the vegetables supply. In this review, we describe the existing nutrients of vegetables; characterization of vegetables into various groups based on functions and also summarize the health benefits of some vegetables.

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Keywords

Vegetables, phytochemicals, nutrition, vitamin, mineral, health.

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