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Indian Journal of Agronomy
Year : 2002, Volume : 47, Issue : 1
First page : ( 20) Last page : ( 25)
Print ISSN : 0537-197X. Online ISSN : 0974-4460.

Productivity and economics of rice (Oryza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system under integrated nutrient supply systems

Bajpai R.K., Upadhyay S.K., Joshi B.S., Tripathi R.S.

All-India Co-ordinated Agronomic Research Project on Cropping Systems Department of Agronomy, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, 492001

Received:  June,  2000.

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during the rainy and winter seasons of 1995–96 and 1996–97 to study the influence of integrated nutrient-supply system, comprising inorganic fertilizer and organic manures, on the soil-fertility status, productivity and economics of rice (Oryza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticum aestivum L. emend. Fiori & Paol.) cropping system. Green-manuring with prickly sesban or dhaincha [Sasbania cannabina (Retz) Pers.; syn. S. aculeata] to supplement 50% of the recommended nitrogen dose and rest through inorganic fertilizer and 100% recommended dose of fertilizer to wheat crop gave the maximum yield of rice as well as wheat crops. The same treatment also gave the hicnest net returns and benefit: cost ratio, and produced significantly higher biomass in terms of rice-equivalent yield. Among the organic manures, the overall performance of green-manure was best followed by farmyard manure and rice straw. The results showed a possibility of saving 50% fertilizer N in rice and 25% in wheat. Application of farmyard manure and rice straw as well as green-manuring in rice significantly improved the available N and P status of soil.

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Keywords

Integrated nutrient management, benefit: cost ratio, Net return, Available N, P status.

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