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Indian Explorer of Social Sciences & Humanities
Year : 2018, Volume : 12, Issue : 1
First page : ( 60) Last page : ( 67)
Print ISSN : 2320-2963.

The validity of word frequency effects in word recognition

Tiwari Priyanka*, Singh Tara, Tiwari Trayambak, Mishra Tarun

Cognitive Science Laboratory Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005

*Email id: priyanca.pt@gmail.com

Online published on 3 July, 2021.


The advances in reading research are questioning the word frequency effects. Since it is being claimed for long now, that words with higher frequency are perceived faster. This reconsideration stands important because frequency effect is used as explanations for certain significant phenomenon, like the spatial attentional utility in reading. The present task was designed on Direct RT 12.1 software, and performed by thirty students (19-22yrs). It utilized signal detection theory and visual search paradigm to investigate the word frequency effect corresponding to better processing of high frequency word. Based on models of detection and discrimination arguing at least two psychological components or processes, perceptual sensitivity (the sensory process) and a response criterion (decision process) were assessed revealing that low frequency words were processed better, in contrast with the much prevalentword frequency effects. Findings have been explained in terms source of activation confusion model and mirror frequency effects.



Word frequency, Visual word recognition, Signal detection theory.


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