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The Clarion- International Multidisciplinary Journal
Year : 2019, Volume : 8, Issue : 2
First page : ( 49) Last page : ( 51)
Print ISSN : 2277-1697. Online ISSN : 2277-937X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2277-937X.2019.00017.0

Environmental impact of overpopulation in India

Dutta Mrinal*

Department of Philosophy, BHB College, Sarupeta, Barpeta, India

*Corresponding author: mrinaldutta.dutta@gmail.com

Online published on 24 February, 2020.


Human overpopulation has various effects most of which are negative. The direct negative effects are mainly scarcity of food, scarcity of fresh water, unemployment, poverty, misuse of resources, deforestation etc. Similarly there are various indirect effect like increase in greenhouse gases, cutting hills, ozone layer deplation and global warming which occurs mainly due to human activities. The problem of overpopulation become a serious threat to our own existence and therefore it is a global problem. Developing countries like India, China, Brazil etc are facing tremendous problem due to increase in human population. The impacts of overpopulation are not only on the environment but it also affect the socio-economic condition of these countries. India ranked third in emitting Carbon Di Oxide gas contributing 6.8% of global emission as per world economic forum 2019. Several policies and planning are being used to control population explosion by the government like family planning and reproductive health programmes for women, sterilization of man etc. but no government of India has successfully formulated policies.



Deforestation, global warming, greenhouse effect, population explosion, reproductive health, sterilization.


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