Users online: 1855    [ij] [ij] [ij] 
Email id

Current Horticulture
Year : 2021, Volume : 9, Issue : 2
First page : ( 22) Last page : ( 25)
Print ISSN : 2347-7377. Online ISSN : 2455-7560.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2455-7560.2021.00019.4

Effect of bat guano and rabbit urine liquid fertilizers on growth physiognomies of Spinacia oleracea under hydroponics

Margaret Gumisiriza Ssentambi1*, Ernest Mbega1, Patrick Ndakidemi1, Deo Kiriba12

1The Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology. School of Life Sciences and Bioengineering, P.O. Box 447, Arusha, Tanzania

2Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute, Department of Natural Resources Management, P.O. Box 6024, Arusha, Tanzania

*Corresponding author: m5gundas@gmail.com

Online published on 03 December, 2021.


This pilot research study assessed the effect of bat guano and rabbit urine as organic nutrient sources for growing Spinacia oleracea (spinach) under a non-circulating hydroponic system. Three treatments; bat guano (5 g/L of water), rabbit urine (50 ml/L of water) and a commercial hydroponic fertilizer as the positive control were tested. Three-week-old spinach seedlings were transplanted into a small net cup fitted on a 4-litre bucket. Data collected on plant height, root length and number of leaves was analyzed using Origin Pro software. Single factor ANOVA results showed no significant difference in the height of spinach grown using bat guano, rabbit urine and commercial hydroponic fertilizer solutions (P<0.05). A significant difference was observed on the length of the root and number of leaves among the three hydroponic solutions (P<0.05). Results showed that both bat guano and rabbit urine have the potential to be used in hydroponic spinach production.


Key Words

Hydroponics, Kratky method, Organic farming, Soilless farming, Sustainable agriculture.


║ Site map ║ Privacy Policy ║ Copyright ║ Terms & Conditions ║ Page Rank Tool
566,524,800 visitor(s) since 30th May, 2005.
All rights reserved. Site designed and maintained by DIVA ENTERPRISES PVT. LTD..
Note: Please use Internet Explorer (6.0 or above). Some functionalities may not work in other browsers.