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Biotech Today
Year : 2013, Volume : 3, Issue : 2
First page : ( 27) Last page : ( 30)
Print ISSN : 2319-2186. Online ISSN : 2322-0996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0996.2014.00005.2

A Superstar in Biocontrol Enterprise: Trichoderma spp

Keswani Chetan1, Singh Surya P.2, Singh H.B.1,*

1Department of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005

2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005

*Corresponding Author Email: hbs1@rediffmail.com

Online published on 24 November, 2014.


The role of biocontrol agents (BCAs) is a well established fact and has become increasingly crucial in replacing the chemical pesticides for plant pathogen control. Currently, Trichoderma spp. share almost 70% of fungal BCAs market. Trichoderma is a potential biocontrol agent included in the gazette of India on 26th March 1999. Trichoderma harzianum is extensively used for its twin advantages of controlling several soil and seed borne phytopathogens in addition to its capacity to act as an effective biofertilizer. Competence of Trichoderma spp. to other fungal biocontrol agents owes to its relatively faster metabolic rates; secretion of anti-microbial secondary metabolites and physiological conformation are some of the key factors which contribute to its vigorous antagonistic effect in field conditions. On the other hand, Trichoderma spp. has also been exploited for commercial production of enzymes like cellulases, hemicellulases, proteases, and â-1, 3-glucanase. This article advertises the commercial potential of Trichoderma spp. discussing its status in various aspects viz., pest control, plant growth promotion, bioremediation and production processes.



Trichoderma harzianum, biofertilizer, biopesticides.


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