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Year : 2021, Volume : 40f, Issue : 1
First page : ( 112) Last page : ( 122)
Print ISSN : 0970-4639. Online ISSN : 2320-3234. Published online : 2021  13.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2320-3234.2021.00010.X

Drainage Morphometric Investigation of Nimni Watershed, Chhatarpur District, Madhya Pradesh, India

Sahu O.P.1, Sahu Pitambra2, Jain Pradeep K.3, Golekar R.B.4*

1Department of Geology, Government Model College, Shahpura, Dindori, Madhya Pradesh481990, India

2Department of Geography, Government Thakur Ranmat Singh College Rewa, Madhya Pradesh486001, India

3Department of Geology, Government Maharaja Post Graduate College, Chhatarpur, Madhya Pradesh471001, India

4Departments of Geology, G. B. Tatha Tatyasaheb Khare Commerce, Parvatibai Gurupad Dhere Arts and Shri. Mahesh Janardan Bhosale Science College, Guhagar District Ratnagiri, Maharashtra415703, India

*Corresponding Author: Rushikesh Baburao Golekar, Department of Geology, Khare Dhere Bhosale College, Guhagar District Ratnagiri, Maharashtra415703, India E-mail: rbgolekar@gmail.com

Received:  17  ,  2021; Accepted:  22  ,  2021.

Abstract

The present paper deals with drainage morphometric investigation of Nimni watershed, Chhatarpur District, Madhya Pradesh, India. A morphometric analysis of the Nimni watershed has been carried out to characterize the nature of drainage network. The linear, areal and relief aspects of the drainage basin have been determined. The morphometric parameters have been computed on the basis of drainage map prepared on 1:50,000 scale. These parameters includes Stream order, Lengths of stream, Bifurcation ratio, Drainage density, Length of overland flow, Stream frequency, Form factor, Circulatory ratio, Elongation ratio, Lemniscate’s ratio, Basin relief, Relief ratio, Ruggedness number and Ground surface slope. The drainage area of the Nimni watershed is 98 km2. The stream order of the basin is mainly controlled by physiographic and lithological conditions of the area. The increase in stream length ratio from lower to higher order shows that the study area has reached a mature geomorphic stage. The geomorphic analysis of Nimni watershed reveals that the present drainage basin exhibits uneven topography, presence of hard rock terrain and dendritic to sub-dendritic drainage pattern. The dendritic drainage pattern exhibits the presence of hard and resistant rocks referable to Bundelkhand Granite Complex.

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Keywords

Drainage Morphometry, Nimni Watershed, Chhatarpur District, Madhya Pradesh.

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