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Asian Man (The) - An International Journal
Year : 2012, Volume : 6, Issue : 1
First page : ( 8) Last page : ( 15)
Print ISSN : 0974-6366. Online ISSN : 0975-6884.

People's Perception and State's Response During Floods: Evidence from the Bahraich District of Uttar Pradesh

Khattri Prashant1, Joshi P.C.2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishvavidyalaya, Wardha, Maharashtra-442001. Email-prashantkhattri3@gmail.com

2Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007. Email-pcjoshi@anthro.du.ac.in

Abstract

The key to a successful governmental response depends on the extent to which post-disaster human behaviour corresponds to prior governmental expectations and planning. In the aftermath of virtually every disaster situation, a ‘gap’ exists between the emergent norms that guide social interactions and the bureaucratic procedures that dominate governmental activity. When this gap is large, the relief effort is likely to be viewed as a failure. This argument tries to explain as to why people are not satisfied with the kind of help that is extended by the state machinery. It has been argued that there are largely two sets of norms that operate in the disaster context, namely bureaucratic norms and emergent norms. If there is a gap between these two norms, then people are bound to be dissatisfied with the state's efforts. These norms play a major role in shaping a state's response and people's perception of them. This paper tries to investigate this hypothesis in the context of floods in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Keywords

Bureaucratic Norms, Emergent Norms, Conflict of Norms, Keynoting, Milling.

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