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Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 2
First page : ( 157) Last page : ( 170)
Online ISSN : 2249-7315.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2249-7315.2018.00035.7

Causes of Infant and Child Mortality -A Macro, Meso and Micro Area Analysis

Dr. Roy Tamal Basu1, Roy Ranjan2

1Researcher, Department of Geography and Applied Geography, North Bengal University, India. raiganjgeo@gmal.com

2Professor, Department of Geography and Applied Geography, North Bengal University, India

Online published on 16 February, 2018.

Abstract

Health is the indicator of social well being. As population actors, ours final behavior on the earth is our death, an ultimatum. Apart from fertility and migration, mortality is one of the basic components of population change and related data. It is essential for demographic studies and public health administration. For estimating the projected population it is also an essential ingredient. In addition to construct the life table information about death events are recorded. Sample registration Survey conducted in different parts of the country has been able to highlight the relevant causes for the death. The study shows a glimpse of sex wise and urban rural variability in mortality rate in India specially focusing on infant and child mortality. Though the study is engaged in determining the spatial and temporal variability but the micro area study is the need of hour to remove the uncertain, uneven death evil phenomena among the infants and child. As a result the said work has incorporated the mortality and specific study on infant and child mortality trends in India, West Bengal, and Uttar Dinajpur district. Age sex wise study has been able to unravel the truth of certain causes of death in certain age group. Simultaneously, significant variability is also prevalent in rural and urban scenario in India. But in order to judicial study of infant mortality we have unearthed the untold story of individual in terms of mortality. For this reason the entire study has integrated the mortality and its relevant causes in the ambit of macro, meso and micro analysis. Hierarchy as macro, meso and micro analysis has been arranged as India-a country, West Bengal-a state and Uttar Dinajpur as a district accordingly. In this regard the data sources have been used from both primary and secondary sources. In this regard the various demographic statistical measurements have been adopted. Graphs, thematic mapping techniques, statistical relationship and cartographic representation of the data has helped to deliver the basic essence of the research study in a well organized way.

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Keywords

Mortality, Infants, Child, Age, Sex. Literacy.

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