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Year : 2021, Volume : 11, Issue : 2
First page : ( 126) Last page : ( 132)
Print ISSN : 2231-5640. Online ISSN : 2231-5659. Published online : 2021  24.
Article DOI : 10.52711/2231-5659.2021-11-2-6

A Comprehensive Study on Anti-hypertensive properties of Punica granatum (Pomegranate), Cynara scolymus (Artichoke), Coscinium fenestratum (Yellow vine) in Phytopharmacological, Molecular Biology Researches

Jough Sagar Singh1,*, Saini Rakesh Kumar2, Parveen Aamna3

1Department of Pharmacology, Ch. Sughar Singh Pharmacy College, Etawah, Uttar PradeshIndia.

2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Ch. Sughar Singh Pharmacy College, Etawah, Uttar PradeshIndia.

3Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Institute of Pharmacy, CSJM University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshIndia.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: ssingh99756@gmail.com

Received:  29  ,  2020; Accepted:  13  ,  2021.

Abstract

Hypertension is a turning into a significant danger to the world. In the hunt of lead atoms from plant beginning as a substitute for poisonous engineered drugs, 26 Indian restorative plants and nourishments were screened for their ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme) inhibitory movement. IC50 (half restraint of ACE) estimations of hydroalcoholic unrefined concentrates and division were dictated by a colorimetric technique. Dynamic parts were additionally screened to decide the compound energy, mode, explicitness and instrument of restraint. Normalization was finished by deciding aggregate phenolics and flavonoids as gallic corrosive and quercetin counterparts/mg of concentrate individually. Among 26 unrefined concentrates, Cynara scolymus extricate indicated the best action, IC50 esteem 356.62μg/mL. Pro restraint coming about because of protein precipitation was most noteworthy in Coscinium fenestratum. Lineweaver-Burk plots uncovered a serious method of restraint for Punica granatum ethyl acetic acid derivation part. Divisions of Cynara scolymus were seen as vague inhibitors of ACE. Coscinium fenestratum parts restrained the ACE by Zn2+ particle chelation. Further, in the quest for sheltered and powerful lead atoms from normal sources, (MP) Mucuna pruriens L. (Fabaceae) seeds were used for investigating the antihypertensive potential. Generally it is utilized as diuretic and Hypotensive. Bioassay-guided divisions were used for the separation of dynamic mixes by segment chromatography. IC50 esteem, protein energy and restraint system were resolved. In vivo time and portion subordinate hypotensive examination followed by changes in the MAP (Mean blood vessel pressure) actuated by angiotensin I (3 nmol/kg), angiotensin II (3nmol/kg), and to bradykinin (10nmol/kg) in anesthetized rodents was finished. Plasma and tissue ACE exercises were additionally decided. Phytochemical examination by spectroscopic methods uncovered the nearness of realized mixes like genistein, ursolic corrosive and L-DOPA from the ethyl acetic acid derivation and water part separately. In vitro examination uncovered MP ethyl acetic acid derivation portion (MPEA) and genistein as the most dynamic part (IC50 156.45μg/mL) and compound (IC50 253.81μM) individually. Lineweaver-Burk plots uncovered a non-serious method of hindrance. Expert protein precipitation was the recommended instrument for restraint. The concentrate indicated a time and portion subordinate decline in the MAP.

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Keywords

Hypertension, ACE, Cynara scolymus, Coscinium fenestratum, Punica granatum.

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