Review on phytochemistry and pharmacological aspects of Pedalium murex Linn
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Pedalium murex Linn (belongs to the Pedaliaceae family) commonly referred to as Large Caltrops and Gokhru (India) is a shrub located in the southern part of India's Deccan region, and in parts of Ceylon. The phytochemicals found in the Pedalium murex L. includes ursolic acid, caffeic acid, quercetin, various classes of fatty acid (tritriacontane, tetratriacontanyl riacontanoic acid, nonacosane and heptatriacontan-4-one) and amino acids (tyrosine, threonine, aspartic acid, glycine, histidine and glutamic acid). Phytochemically the P. murex is famous for the containing desirable amounts of diosgenin and vanillin that are considered to be an essential source and useful for the synthesis of steroidal contraceptive drugs and isatin alkaloids as starting material. The Pedalium murex L. have pharmacological activities like antiulcerogenic, antioxidant, nephroprotective, hypolipidemic, aphrodisiac, antibacterial activities. This review is a compilation of knowledge gathered from the research papers published and review the phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of P. murex.
Pedalium murex Linn, Pedaliaceae, Phytochemistry, Aphrodisiac, Antiulcer, Nephroprotective Antioxidant, Hepatoprotective.