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Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry
Year : 2015, Volume : 8, Issue : 11
First page : ( 664) Last page : ( 674)
Print ISSN : 0974-4169. Online ISSN : 0974-4150.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-4150.2015.00107.8

Study of Dyeing, Absorbency, Mechanical and Surface Properties on Chemical Treated Cotton Fabric

Jeyakodi Moses J.1,*, Venkataraman V.K.2

1Associate Professor, Department of Applied Science, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, 641 004, India

2Senior Grade Lecturer, Department of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, PSG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore, 641 004, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: jj_moses2k2@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 31 December, 2015.

Abstract

Chemical treatment of cotton cellulose to alter its properties of the fibers without changing their fibrous form is a common practice nowadays in the textile industry. In this paper cotton (woven and knitted) fabrics are selected and reacted with sodium hydroxide, morpholine, and cellulase enzyme. The fabrics are then dyed by some selected dyes such as annatto, onion, pomegranate, indigo, myrobalan, bar berry (natural dyes); and reactive and sulphur dyes (synthetic) respectively and subsequently finished. These fabrics are then analyzed for k/s values, fastness properties, absorbency, water retention, wicking, mechanical and surface properties from KES-F.

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Keywords

Cotton fabrics, Chemical treatment, k/s values, wicking, KES-F.

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