A Comparative Study to Assess the Anxiety Level of Hospitalized and Non-Hospitalized Antenatal women with High Risk Pregnancy at Selected Hospital, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh
Kaveri Palaparthi1,*, Lakshmi Uppu. Jaya2
1B. Sc (N) Final Year Student, NRI College of Nursing, Chinnakakani, Guntur
2Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, NRI College of Nursing, Chinnakakani, Guntur
*Corresponding Author Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Online published on 31 December, 2019.
Around the world, an anxiety symptom during pregnancy is associated with the range of negative consequences for mother and child. Pregnancy is one of the most important periods in a women's life, as it brings along numerous changes, not only in the physical aspects, but also socially and psychologically. Fear of unknown stress, rootless feeling and daily problems connected with physical and hormonal changes can frequently lead to anxiety.
Materials and Methods
A quantitative approach and descriptive design was used to assess the anxiety level of hospitalized and non-hospitalized antenatal women with high risk pregnancy at NRI General Hospital in April 2019. Total 100 antenatal mothers are divided into 50 hospitalized antenatal mothers and 50 nonhospitalized antenatal mothers were selected by convenient sampling technique. A structured anxiety questionnaire was used to collect the data.
The data was computed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the study revealed that, majority of the participant's i.e. In hospitalized antenatal women 58% of them had mild anxiety, 40% of them had moderate anxiety, 2% of them had severe anxiety with a mean and standard deviation of 28.86±0.57. Chi-square had showed association between the anxiety level scores of hospitalized antenatal mother's occupation (x2=53.11), Gravid status (x2=16.09), Parity (x2=415.28), Income per month (x2=83.19), Sources of health information (x2=387.45) and Reason for admission in the hospital (x2=85.78). As well as the non-hospitalized antenatal women 60% of them had moderate anxiety, 18%of them had mild anxiety, 4% of them had severe anxiety with a mean and standard deviation of 501.4±3. 16 Chi-square had showed association between the anxiety level scores of hospitalized antenatal mother's Age(x2=13.85), Type of family(x2=12.03), Occupation(x2=23.69), Gravid status (x2=12.56), Parity(x2=62.3) and sources of health information (x2=16.24).
The prevalence of antenatal anxiety identified in this study is of concern. Screening tools for detecting antenatal anxiety symptoms in high risk pregnancy is crucial.
High Risk Pregnancy, Anxiety.