A Descriptive Study to assess the Knowledge and Attitude on Water Sanitation among adults in the Urban Community area at Belgaum District, Karnataka
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The assessment of knowledge and attitude on water sanitation among the adults of Vadagaon urban community area at Belgaum, Karnataka was conducted in this detailed descriptive survey study. The objectives of the study was to assess the knowledge on water sanitation among the adults of urban community area, to assess the attitude towards the water sanitation among the adults, to co-relate the knowledge, attitude of water sanitation and to find out the association between knowledge, attitude of water sanitation with the selected demographic variables. Majority of the respondents were in the age group of 37–44 years, 60% were female samples, 40% were stayed in pucca house, 32% were having secondary education, 60% belongs to Hindu Religion, 54%were lived as nuclear family, 46% of respondants monthly income Rs 2001–5000, 62% were using corporation water for drinking, and 64% of respondents did not get any health education on water sanitation. The mean knowledge value on water sanitation of adults was 45.2 and attitude score was 36.8. This indicates that the adults have moderately adequate knowledge on water sanitation and positive attitude towards water sanitation. The correlation between knowledge on water sanitation and attitude of adults showed that there is a positive correlation between knowledge on water sanitation and attitude (0.143). Chi-square test revealed that there is no significant association between knowledge on water sanitation and selected demographic variables. The research has implications on vital concerns for the field of nursing practice, administration, education and research. Based on the results it can be recommended that the nurse should give adequate health education to the people in the community setting as well as hospital set up on water sanitation, its purposes, methods, advantages etc and prevention of communicable diseases. Also the nursing students must have a topic on water sanitation in nursing curriculum. The nursing administrator should focus on health programme through home visit, mass health programmer etc. Health workers can be given training in practice and management of water sanitation. For nursing research further steps can be taken to assess the effectiveness of nursing staffs in handling water sanitation.
Water sanitation, Urban community, Health education, Attitude, Knowledge.