Depression and quality of life among Chronic Kidney Disease Patients on Hemodialysis at selected Stand-alone Renal Facilities in Manila: A cross-sectional study
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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a progressive disease that causes a gradual impairment of the renal function and has risen in the past years. As its prevalence increase, its impact on the emotional aspect of the patient may also be escalated in a negative way which can lead to the various types of depression.
This research examined the relationships of personal profile, level of depression, Physical Composite Score (PCS), Mental Composite Score (MCS) and Kidney Disease Component Score (KDCS) among chronic kidney disease patients in stand-alone renal facilities.
A descriptive cross-sectional method was used as the design of the study and a convenience sample of 220 participants with chronic kidney disease were included in the study. The Filipino version of Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form-36 (KDQOL SF-36) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI) were used to assess the quality of life and level of depression. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
The findings revealed a significant negative correlation between the respondent's age and physical composite score. On the other hand, a significant negative correlation was noted between the kidney disease component and mental composite score with the level of depression.
The study concluded that CKD patients with a higher quality of life have a lower level of depression.
Chronic kidney disease, depression, quality of life.