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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 9, Issue : 1
First page : ( 121) Last page : ( 126)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2019.00024.7

Nurses Action towards Cardio Vascular Emergencies

Kandula Moses1, Karthika P.2,*, Abraham Robin3

1Principal, Medical-Surgical (Critical Care Nursing), Welfare Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, Bharuch

2Asso. Professor, Child Health Nursing, Welfare Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, Bharuch, Gujarat

3Principal, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Welfare Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, Bharuch, Gujarat

*Corresponding Author Email: karthinsg473@gmail.com

Online published on 15 March, 2019.


“Save the fleeting minute, learn gracefully to dodge the bore”

Cardiac emergencies happen all around us. Though they are number one killer of one time, they rarely make the evening news (or) the Papers. Cardio vascular disease is the Number one killer of adults. It exerts a huge burden on individual and society. Prompt recognition and initiation of appropriate treatment can save lives during these most deadly cardiac emergencies.

Main signs

Massive chest pain, Cold sweat, Shortness of breath, Dizziness or fainting.

Heart Attack (MI)

Blood flow to some part of heart muscles is comprised and Heart begins to die and enough of heart dies. Heart cannot circulate blood effectively.

Cardiogenic Shock

It is a condition in which cant pump enough blood to meet your body's need. The condition is not often caused by severe heart attack. It often fatal if not treat.

Sudden Cardiac Death

Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is condition in which the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops beating. If this happens blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) usually causes death if not treated within minutes.

Heart Failure

Heart failure is a term used to describe a heart that cannot keep up with its workload. The body may not get the oxygen it needs.


Inflamation of lining around the heart (The Pericardium) that causes chest pain, accumulation of fluid around the heart (Pericardial effusion) it leads to Cardiac tamponade.

Role of Critical Care Nurse Practioner

The immediate management of emergency is dependent on the Prompt action is essential. Nurse represent the largest body of health care professional. A socially responsible nurse having clinic sense is a key for applying public health intervention in the community. Being round the clock at patient bedside nurse in best position to initiate the resuscitation process whether witnessed or unwitnessed cardiac arrest. Nurse role in cardiac rehabilitation is identified as having a "Spider in the web like character". A trained nurse could effectively deal with cardiovascular emergencies, including Rhythm recognition early defibrillation and emergency medication administration. The nurse role as educator could meet the need of patients through educate, support, supervision and reinforcement.



Early recognition, Potential risk, Heart attack, Cardiogenic Shock, Sudden Cardiac Death, Heart Failure, Pericarditis, Cardiac tamponade.


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