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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 9, Issue : 1
First page : ( 87) Last page : ( 93)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2019.00017.X

A Quasi-Experimental Study to Determine the Effectiveness of Self-instructional Module on Knowledge and Practice regarding Growth and Development of Infants among Caregivers Residing in Selected Rural Areas, Sikar, Rajasthan

Dr. Sharma Ram Swaroop*

Professor cum Principal, Meera Medical Institute of Nursing and Hospital, Abohar, Panjab

*Corresponding Author Email: ramswaroopsharma73@gmail.com

Online published on 15 March, 2019.

Abstract

Growth and development is a fundamental feature of children, child's growth and development purely depends upon the fulfillment of his basic needs and must be satisfied for higher growth. Caregivers can provide activities and opportunities for infants that encourage exploration and curiosity to enhance children's overall development. The aim of the study was to identify and improve the knowledge and practice regarding growth and development of infants among Caregivers residing in selected rural areas, Sikar; Rajasthan. Non-randomized control group design was used which is the Sub-type of quasi-experimental research design. The sample size was 400 caregivers. Sample was selected by convenient non-probability sampling technique. In the study 200 caregivers of infants were in the experimental group and 200 caregivers of infants were in the control group. Data was collected by using a structured interview schedule. The results of the study show that Pre-test mean knowledge score among caregivers of infants of the experimental group was 11.46 (38.2%) and Post-test mean knowledge score among caregivers of infants of the experimental group was 23.63 (78.77%) so the difference was 12.17 (40.57%), this difference was due to effectiveness of self-instructional module. (t=67.76 and P=0.001). Pre-test mean practice score among caregivers of infants in experimental group was 6.55 (43.67%) and Post-test mean practice score among caregivers of infants in experimental group was 12.06 (80.4%) so the difference was 5.51 (36.73%), this difference was large and it was statistically significant difference due to effectiveness SIM (t=31.28 and P=0.001). The findings of the post-test in the experimental group, the level of knowledge and practice regarding growth and development of infants among caregivers has improved and the score has indicated that the score gained during post-test was more than pre-test. This improvement was due to the implementation of the self-instructional module on knowledge and practice regarding growth and development of infants among caregivers.

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Keywords

Effectiveness, Self-instructional module, knowledge, practice, growth, development, infants, Caregivers.

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