Effectiveness of video Assisted Instructional Module on Antenatal Care on the Pregnancy outcome of pregnant women attending Maternity Hospitals, Bangalore
Dr. Pushpaven N. P.*
Professor, Govt. College of Nursing, BMCRI, Bangalore, Karnataka
*Corresponding Author Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Online published on 25 December, 2018.
This study was undertaken with the aim to evaluate the effectiveness of Video assisted Instructional module on Antenatal care on the pregnancy outcome of pregnant women attending maternity hospitals, Bangalore and to find the association between the knowledge, pregnancy outcome and socio-demographic variables. The conceptual framework of the study was based on Pender's Health Promotion model. The study was attempted to examine the hypotheses. Independent variable of the study was intervention in terms of Video assisted Instructional module on antenatal care. Dependant variable was knowledge gained by the antenatal mothers and pregnancy outcome as measured through structured interview schedule and observational check list and assessment formats.
An experimental approach with post test only control group design was used for the study. The subjects for the study were selected from Vanivilas and K. C. General maternity hospital by using purposive sampling technique. The total subjects under the study were 400 antenatal mothers. (200 for experimental group and 200 for control group) The data was collected by structured interview schedule and assessment formats which were designed to assess the knowledge of antenatal mothers regarding antenatal care and pregnancy outcome respectively.
Majority of subjects 92(46%) in experimental group and 88(44%) in control group were in the age group between 21–24 years. Majority 108(54%) of experimental group 88(44%) of control group subjects have completed their high school education. About 115(57.5%) pregnant mothers of control group and 83(41%) of experimental group were home makers. Majority 181(90.5%) of experimental group and 133(66.5%) of control group pregnant women were Hindus. Majority 199 (99.5%) pregnant women of experimental group and 187(93.5%) of control group were from urban area. The overall knowledge score was 83.89% high in experimental group and compared to 41.11% in control group regarding antenatal care. The result shows that there was positive pregnancy outcome in experiment group compared to control group. There was significant association found between knowledge score and socio-demographic variables.
The overall findings of the study revealed that there was significant increase in knowledge of antenatal mothers of experimental group regarding antenatal care after administration of Video Assisted Instructional Module and there was significant positive pregnancy outcome among experiment group antenatal mothers. Hence the Video Assisted Instructional Module was concluded as effective.