The Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme Regarding knowledge on selected Venous access device care among B. Sc Nursing Final year Student: A Quasi-Experimental Study
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Central venous devices (CVD) are being widely used in all specialties, mainly in emergency medicine, critical care and anesthesiology. Approximately, 3.4 million central venous access catheters are placed in patients every year. Nearly 6, 000 patients get a catheter-related bloodstream infection every year. The complications associated with CVD occur in nearly 15% of patients, mainly mechanical complications (5–19%). The complications result in prolongation hospital stay, increased hospital costs, morbidity and mortality.
Research approaches adopted for the study was Evaluative approach with Quasi experimental design. Non-probability sampling technique was used to obtain data. The study was conducted on B. Sc Nursing final year students from July 2017 to January 2018 at College of Nursing Shri Ganganagar and College of Nursing Bikaner (Rajasthan). The sample size was 100.
In the present study, majority of the subjects in control group and experimental group were 22–24 years of age. As regard to sex distribution, majority of the subjects (62%) were male. The mean post-test knowledge scores of Control group and experimental group were 25.02 and 33.04 respectively. The calculate t-test value was 16.78, which represents the significant gain in knowledge, through the planned teaching programme (PTP). The study showed only significant relationship between knowledge and age group.
The PTP was effective in increasing the knowledge of student nurses regarding selected venous access devices care. There is a need of sound orientation and continuous educational program for nurses regarding venous access devices care. It will be directly helpful in reducing the prevalence and incidence of phlebitis and the disease burden.
Venous Access Devices, Care, Nursing Students, Planned teaching programme, Knowledge.