The effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme regarding knowledge on prevention of pressure sores among Staff Nurses: A Pre-Experimental Study
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Skin is the largest organ of human body. It protects our body from microorganisms, infection and injuries. There are many internal and external factors which alter the skin integrity. Pressure sores are develop due to abrasions and continuous pressure on bony prominence. The continuous pressure directly affect tissue perfusion which lead to pressure ulcer. Incidence rate of bed sore varies from 0.4–38% in large health care settings.
Research approaches adopted for the study was Evaluative approach with Pre experimental design. Non-random sampling technique was used to obtain data. The study was conducted on staff nurses from November 2013 to January 2014 at M.G. Hospital, Bhilwara (Rajasthan). The sample size was 40.
The majority (70%) of subjects were in the age group of 21–30 years. Two third of participants were male. All the subjects have GNM qualifications. The mean pre-test and post-test knowledge scores were 23.75 and 31.85 respectively. The calculated ‘t’ value was 14.70*, which represents the significant gain in knowledge, through the structured teaching programme (STP). The study showed that no significant relationship between knowledge and selected variables.
The STP was effective in increasing the knowledge of staff nurses about pressure sore and its prevention. There is a need of good orientation and continuous educational program for nurses regarding pressure sore. It will be directly helpful in reducing the occurrence of pressures sores and the disease burden.
Skin, Pressure sore, Staff Nurse, Structured teaching programme, Knowledge.