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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 3
First page : ( 365) Last page : ( 368)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00074.5

A Descriptive Study to Assess the Pattern of Emergencies Being reported at selected Government Health Centers (Punjab)

Ms. Sharma Pallvi1,*, Dr. Mrs. Kalia Raman2, Mrs. Kaur Manpreet3, Mrs. Sharma Shaveta3

1Msc. Nursing Student, Saraswati Nursing Institute, Dhianpura

2Principal, Saraswati Nursing Institute, Dhianpura

3Lecturer, Medical Surgical Nursing, Saraswati Nursing Institute, Dhianpura

*Corresponding Author Email: pallvisharma41293@gmail.com

Online published on 24 October, 2018.

Abstract

Introduction

An emergency is a situation that poses an immediate risk to health and life. Most emergencies require an urgent intervention to prevent worsening of the condition of patient, although in some situations, mitigation may not be possible and agencies may only be able to offer palliative care for the aftermath. The emergently ill person present to the clinician with a necessity for immediate action. All emergencies require more than one set of hands; Practitioner must be well trained intellectually as well as emotionally prepared to deal with anything that comes through the door.

Objective

To assess the pattern of emergencies being reported and enlist the type of common emergencies.

Methods

A non-experimental quantitative research approach and descriptive research design was adopted in the present study to assess the pattern of emergencies being reported at the civil hospital Ropar. Convenient sampling technique was used to collect the data. Tool used for the present study was emergency record register of the hospital and semi structured interview schedule was used to assess the patients.

Results

The results showed that a total of 2788 patients reported to the emergency in 48 days (11-1-17 to 27-2-17). Common health problems reported by the study subjects were abdominal pain (20%), where as fever reported by (13%) of the study subjects, road side accident reported by (9.2%)of study subjects, followed by vomiting (8.0%), injuries related to fall (5.4%), dog bite (5.1%), chest pain (5.0%), headache (4.4%), breath lessness (3.5%), medical legal cases (3.5%), hypertension (3.1%), cough (3.0%), loose stool (2.1%), joint pain (1.3%), urinary tract infection (0.6%), vertigo(0.5%), cerebral vascular accident (0.3%), poisoning (0.3%) and fracture (o.1%). Hence, it has been concluded in the present study that the government health care agencies are still a preferred mode of seeking care in emergency by the people. Hence, strengthening of facilities at government centers will be useful for the patients at large.

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Keywords

Pattern of emergencies.

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