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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 2
First page : ( 183) Last page : ( 188)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00038.1

A Pilot Study to Determine the Prevalence of Protein Energy Malnutrition and Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Nursing Intervention on Knowledge and Practice of Mothers in Managing PEM among Under Five Children in Selected Rural Areas of Kutch-Gujarat

Mrs. Ambica C1,*, Dr. Bhudia Viruben H2, Dr. Maheshwari Shashikala J.3, Dr. Raval Kiran A.4

1Ph. D Scholar, MAHER University, Chennai

2Reasearch Guide, Professor of Nursing, Visiting Faculty, BMCB College of Nursing, Lakhond, Bhuj-Kutch, Gujarat

3Research Co-Guide, HOD Cum Associate Professor of Food and Nutrition Department, Tolani Institute of Arts and Science, Adipur, Kutch

4Researcg Co-Guide, Associate Professor of Food and Nutrition Department, Tolani Institute of Arts and Science, Adipur, Kutch

*Corresponding Author Email:

Online published on 7 July, 2018.



Food is an important and basic biological need of man. It is essential for life, growth and repair of the human body, regulation of body mechanisms and production of energy for work. A fair section of the population does not get enough food to eat and their diets are deficient calories also. The children in the developing countries suffer from malnutrition.


To find out the difference between the pre and post test level of Knowledge and Practice regarding Managing Protein Energy Malnutrition among mothers of under five children at selected villages in Kutch-Gujarat.


An evaluative approach with a one group pre-test and posttest re experimental design was adopted for the study which was conducted in rural anganwadies of Bhuj-Kutch Gujarat. The population selected for the study was under five children and mothers of PEM children. Under five children were assessed with nutritional assessment parameters such as Height, weight, Midarm circumference and Chest circumference to identify the PEM and Mothers of PEM identified children were selected as a sample.


Majority of PEM children mothers are (80%) were 19 to 30 year of age, (55%) were primary school, (85%)were house wife, (50%) were less than 5000, (80%) belongs to a joint family, (75%) were vegetarian, 40% were 2 year of age, (20%) were getting knowledge from television and health workers, anganwadi workers, ASHA worker.



Prevalence, Protein Energy Malnutrition, Under five children, rural area.


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