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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2017, Volume : 7, Issue : 3
First page : ( 337) Last page : ( 340)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2017.00067.2

Anti-Retro Viral Therapy (ART) Adherence and Factors affecting Adherence among People living with HIV (PLHIVs)

Dr. Rajeswari C.1,*, Mrs. Selvi Sugavana2, Dr.  Ramachandra3

1Lecturer, College of Nursing, NIMHANS, Hosur Road, Bangalore-29

2Clinical Instructor, College of Nursing, NIMHANS, Hosur Road, Bangalore-29

3Professor, NIMHANS, Hosur Road, Bangalore-29

*Corresponding Author Email: rajic2007@rediffmail.com

Online published on 18 September, 2017.

Abstract

Background

Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) improves the quality of life in HIV infected persons worldwide. To achieve optimal results from ART high levels of adherence is essential. But various factors prevent PLHIVs in adhering to ART and get the fullest benefit out of it.

Methods

A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among 100 PLHIVs receiving ART for more than 1 year in a selected setting. Using structured interview schedule ART intake in the previous month and the factors that lead to non or poor adherence in the previous 1 year were assessed individually.

Results

77% of subjects had 100% adherence to ART in the previous month. Personal and family support, occupational, and institutional factors affected the ART adherence of PLHIVs.

Discussion

Determining the level of adherence to ART, throws light on the utility of the service extended by the Government. The potential barriers identified help the stake holders to focus on those areas specifically, as adherence to ART improves the longevity, productivity and quality of life of PLHIVs.

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Keywords

ART, PLHIVs, HIV/AIDS, Factors, adherence.

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