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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2021, Volume : 11, Issue : 1
First page : ( 151) Last page : ( 156)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2021.00039.2

Risk factors of cardiovascular disease in adolescents: A systematic review

Mr. Senthilkumar T1,*, Dr Tamilselvi A2

1PhD Scholar, Amity College of Nursing, Amity University, Gurugram, Haryana

2Principal, Amity College of Nursing, Amity University, Gurugram, Haryana

*Corresponding Author Email: ns9605@gmail.com

Online published on 27 April, 2021.

Abstract

This systematic review of literature was examined the available published literature in order to obtain a more comprehensive assessment of the risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease (CVDs) among adolescent. Studies that examined the prevalence, lipid profiles, lifestyle factors, Physical activities, Dietary pattern and Anthropometrics among adolescence were suitable for inclusion. Following sources were searched like PUBMED, MEDLINE, CINAHL, GOOGLE SCHOLAR and hand searches of relevant journal. There were 24 abstracts initially identified, of which 12 appeared to meet the criteria. The full text of this papers was examined. Overall, most of the studies of the children and adolescent has proved presence of modifiable risk factors for Cardiovascular Diseases. A multitude of risk factors contributed to the adolescent’s cardiovascular disease includes insufficient physical activity, diet pattern, body weight and BMI, smoking, alcohol intake, comorbidities, excess body fat and lipid profiles. However, studies lack the uniformity and consistency required to estimate the risk factors uniformity around the globe for prediction of CVD risk among adolescent. However, Effective public health intervention is suggested to improve cardiovascular health in children and adolescents to reduce further cardiovascular risk.

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Keywords

Adolescent, Cardiovascular Disease, Risk factors.

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