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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2021, Volume : 11, Issue : 1
First page : ( 25) Last page : ( 27)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2021.00007.0

Effectiveness of oral stimulation on improving sucking reflex among pre-term infants

Mrs. Babitha D.1,*, Dr. Appavu Santhi2

1Asst. Prof, Christian College of Nursing, Neyyoor, The Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai

2Principal, Christian College of Nursing, Neyyoor, The Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai

*Corresponding Author Email: babitharichardbabitha@gmail.com

Online published on 27 April, 2021.

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the effectiveness of oral stimulation on improving sucking reflex among pre-term infants.

Design

Quantitative approach with one group pre-test post-test design was used to assess the effectiveness of oral stimulation on improving sucking reflex of pre-term infants, who were admitted in selected hospitals of Kanniyakumari district.

Participants

30 Pre-term infants with gestational age of 28 to 32 weeks were purposively assigned for the study and oral stimulation promoted was assessed.

Methods

At 28 to 32 weeks, after pre-test the pre-term infants received 15 minute oral stimulation intervention twice per day for 5 consecutive days. Data were measured by pre-term infant breastfeeding behavior scale.

Results

It was analyzed by comparing the difference between pre and post findings. In the pre-test, it was revealed that no pre-term infants were effective vigorous sucking, 6(20%) were moderately effective feeders and 24 (80%) were sucking rhythm not established. Whereas, in post assessment scores 16 (53%) pre-term infants were effective vigorous sucking, 14 (46%) were moderately effective feeders.

Conclusion

The ‘t’values for sucking reflex (3.72) was found to be significant at p<0.05 level which indicated that oral stimulation was effective in improving sucking reflex among pre-term infants.

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Keywords

Oral stimulation, Sucking reflex, Pre-term infants, NICU.

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