A Descriptive study to assess the knowledge regarding Enteric fever in children among mothers in a selected Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab
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“Enteric fever” is a global major public health problem. “Typhoid fever”, is an acute systemic infectious disease seen only in humans. Enteric fever is also known as typhoid. It is a common worldwide bacterial disease transmitted by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person, which contain the bacterium Salmonella typhi. An estimated 16-33 million cases of typhoid fever occur annually. Its incidence is highest in children and young adults between 5 and 19 years old. Enteric fever is transmitted via the fecal oral route or urine. This may take place directly through solid hands, contaminated with faeces or urine of cases or carrier or indirectly by ingestion of contaminated water, milk, food or through flies. A descriptive study to assess the knowledge regarding enteric fever in children among mothers in a Selected Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab. The objectives are to: to assess the level of knowledge among mothers regarding enteric fever in children, to find out the relationship of knowledge regarding enteric fever with selected variables like age, religion, education, occupation, income, type of family, type of residence, source of information, to find out the deficit areas of knowledge and to prepare an information booklet to enhance awareness among mothers regarding enteric fever. Conceptual Framework for the study was based on a “Three Phase Theory” described by Fitts and Posner (1967). A descriptive research approach and non experimental research design was used. Data was collected by self structured knowledge questionnaire to assess the knowledge regarding enteric fever in children among mothers. The data was then organized in the form of tables, analyzed and interpreted using descriptive and inferential statistics. Major findings shows that the majority of mothers (60%) obtained average knowledge score, followed by (27%) below average score and (13%) of the mothers had good knowledge score respectively. As per demographic variables, occupation, type of family had no significant relationship while age of the mother, education, area of residence and source of information had significant relationship with the knowledge of mothers regarding Enteric Fever in children. Information booklet was prepared on the deficit areas of knowledge and distributed among mothers.
Enteric Fever, Salmonella Typhi, Knowledge, Children, Mothers.